The philosopher of freedom and empiricism essay

The writings of the late 17th-century empiricist John Locke on philosophy, government, and education were especially influential during the Enlightenment. Raised in Pensford, near BristolLocke was 10 years old at the start of the English Civil Wars between the monarchy of Charles I and parliamentary forces under the eventual leadership of Oliver Cromwell.

The philosopher of freedom and empiricism essay

There are many ideas about philosophers and what they do. Some have even considered the field to be a science that deals with logic and reason.

Historical Background and Locke’s Life

Either way, many famous philosophers have made their contributions known to the world through their writings and their students. Below is a list of the greatest thinkers of all time along with their most important theories about human nature and other ponderings of the world.

The philosopher of freedom and empiricism essay

Karl Marx Famous For: In addition to espousing his own philosophies, he was also a sociologist, economist, journalist, and historian.

Voltaire Famous For: He is better known under his pseudonym, Voltaire.

Two Dogmas of Empiricism

Voltaire was an advocate of some of the most basic freedoms, he believed in the freedom of expression, religion and voiced this through his witty writing. One of his favorite targets was the Catholic church.

The field of ethics was the specialty of Socrates and introduced a concept that has been dubbed as elenchus, or the Socratic method.

The philosopher of freedom and empiricism essay

He contributed much to the field of logic and epistimology. He also excelled in mathematics, logic, ethics, rhetoric, and religion. He founded the Academy in Athens. John Locke Famous For: His part on the idea of the social contract theory was one he shared with Sir Francis Bacon.

The likes of Rousseau, Voltaire, even American revolutionaries have been influenced by his writings. He also offered the theory of mind wherein he states that knowledge is something you are not born with, but learn and experience.

Simone de Beauvoir Famous For: Jean-Jacques Rousseau Famous For: General Will and the moral simplicity of humanity The political philosophy of Rousseau became the basis of the French Revolution. His ideas not only influenced nations, his work is reflected in the modern thinking in regards to education, political, and sociological matters.

Two of his books, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality and On the Social Contract have had its effect on social and political thinking. Adam Smith Famous For: His ideas in the areas of moral philosophy and economics have been studied throughout the years, and still is. Aristotle — BC Famous For: He was a student of Plato and teacher to Alexander the great.

Nicomachean Ethics is one of the treatises that Aristotle wrote. He believed that ethics should be applied practically, not merely theorizing it.

Francis Bacon Famous For: In addition to being a philosopher, Bacon was likewise an author, jurist, statesman, orator, and scientist. Gottfried Leibniz Famous For: Law of Continuity, Monads, and the Transcendental Law of Homogeneity Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz holds a special place in the annals of philosophy and mathematics.

As a mathematician, he refined the use of infinitesimal calculus. He also presented the Law of Continuity. Confucius BC Famous For:Comparative Essay David Hume vs. John Locke Words | 5 Pages.

Comparing John Locke against David Hume: Empiricism John Locke and David Hume, both great empiricist philosophers who radically changed the way people view ideas and how they come about.

John Locke (August 29, – October 28, ) was a British Philosopher, Oxford scholar, medical researcher and physician, political operative, and economist. Alexander Popham, his father’s commander, helped him to gain an excellent education.

It was when Locke started to study in Westminster School in London. - Rationalism and Empiricism Rationalism and Empiricism are most likely the two most famous and intriguing schools of philosophy. The two schools deal specifically with epistemology, or, .

The Limits of Human Understanding

Empiricist philosopher John Locke introduces concepts on thinking in his well-known essay on human understanding, Of the Modes of Thinking. Empiricist Philosopher John Locke: On Thinking About Thinking. September 3, by Janet Cameron is the Father of Classical Liberalism – a philosophy embracing freedom of the individual, while.

This essay will describe the empiricist and rationalist debate, and will relate this debate to the history of psychology.


The debate between rationalist and empiricist philosophers looks at the nature of knowledge, and specifically, how we gain this knowledge. Empedocles (d.

BCE). Greek presocratic philosopher who supposed that the four elements are irreducible components of the world, joined to and separated from each other by competing {Gk.

φιλια [philia]} invariably strives to combine everything into a harmonious sphere, which Strife {Gk. νεικος [neikos]} tries to shatter .

Existentialism - Wikipedia