When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
Electronic Submission Margins Except for the running head see belowleave margins of one inch at the top and bottom and on both sides of the text. Text Formatting Always choose an easily readable typeface Times New Roman is just one example in which the regular type style contrasts clearly with the italic, and set it to a standard size, such as 12 points.
Do not justify the lines of text at the right margin; turn off any automatic hyphenation feature in your writing program.
Double-space the entire research paper, including quotations, notes, and the list of works cited. Indent the first line of a paragraph half an inch from the left margin. Leave one space after a period or other concluding punctuation mark, unless your instructor prefers two spaces.
On a new, double-spaced line, center the title fig. Do not italicize or underline your title, put it in quotation marks or boldface, or type it in all capital letters. Follow the rules for capitalization in the MLA Handbook 67—68and italicize only the words that you would italicize in the text.
Begin your text on a new, double-spaced line after the title, indenting the first line of the paragraph half an inch from the left margin. The top of the first page of a research paper. A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay.
If your teacher requires a title page in lieu of or in addition to the header, format it according to the instructions you are given. Running Head with Page Numbers Number all pages consecutively throughout the research paper in the upper right-hand corner, half an inch from the top and flush with the right margin.
Type your last name, followed by a space, before the page number fig. Do not use the abbreviation p. Your writing program will probably allow you to create a running head of this kind that appears automatically on every page.
Some teachers prefer that no running head appear on the first page. The running head of a research paper. Placement of the List of Works Cited The list of works cited appears at the end of the paper, after any endnotes.
Begin the list on a new page.
The list contains the same running head as the main text. The page numbering in the running head continues uninterrupted throughout. For example, if the text of your research paper including any endnotes ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on page Center the title, Works Cited, an inch from the top of the page fig.
If the list contains only one entry, make the heading Work Cited. Double-space between the title and the first entry. Begin each entry flush with the left margin; if an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch from the left margin.
This format is sometimes called hanging indention, and you can set your writing program to create it automatically for a group of paragraphs. Hanging indention makes alphabetical lists easier to use.
Double-space the entire list. Continue it on as many pages as necessary. The top of the first page of a works-cited list. Tables and Illustrations Place tables and illustrations as close as possible to the parts of the text to which they relate. A table is usually labeled Table, given an arabic numeral, and titled.
Type both label and title flush left on separate lines above the table, and capitalize them as titles do not use all capital letters. Give the source of the table and any notes immediately below the table in a caption. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals.
Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig. A table in a research paper.
Any other type of illustrative visual material—for example, a photograph, map, line drawing, graph, or chart—should be labeled Figure usually abbreviated Fig. If the caption of a table or illustration provides complete information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, no entry for the source in the works-cited list is necessary.
A figure in a research paper. Musical illustrations are labeled Example usually abbreviated Ex. Pyotr Ilich Tchaikovsky, Symphony no.For the detailed information on citing sources using MLA style with many more examples, please use the official MLA Handbook.
All information relating to MLA style as presented on this Web site has been based on this authoritative publication from the Modern Language Association of America.
Because the works cited are to display on a separate numbered page, a(n) _ must be inserted at a specific location following the body of a research paper manual page break A(n) _ is a type of paragraph formatting in which the first line extends to the left of the rest of the paragraph.
An outline is a “blueprint” or “plan” for your paper. It helps you to organize your thoughts and arguments. A good outline can make conducting research and then writing the paper very efficient. Download the free MLA practice template to help you create works-cited-list entries.
Formatting a Research Paper. Get our guidelines on margins, page numbers, and so on. Plagiarism and Academic Dishonesty. About The MLA Style Center; Donate; Contact;. For example, if the text of your research paper (including any endnotes) ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on page Center the title, Works Cited, an inch from the top of the page (fig.
3). Our Goal. Citation Producer specializes in automatically creating the citation for your research paper in the APA format or the MLA format. If you are writing a paper with a lengthy list of citations, you might find the task of citing each citation in the proper format tiresome.