Back to Top Understanding Educational and Community-Based Programs Health and quality of life rely on many community systems and factors, not simply on a well-functioning health and medical care system.
The platform that handles data storage, processing, and exchange. Architecture types remain various. However, inRoehrs et al. Model architectures represent more traditional takes on PHRs, including health data that is still stored on paper.
Likewise, stand-alone, provider-tethered, and payer-tethered PHRs have different advantages and disadvantages for patients related to their individual circumstances. Such differences are among the priority areas in PHR research.
The types of platforms include: Paper[ edit ] Personal health information is recorded and stored in paper format. Printed laboratory reports, copies of clinic notes, and health histories created by the individual may be parts of a paper-based PHR.
This method is low cost, reliable, and accessible without the need for a computer or any other hardware. Probably the most successful paper PHR is the Personal health promotion pregnancy record, developed in Milton Keynes in the mids  and now in use throughout the United Kingdom.
Paper-based PHRs are subject to physical loss and damage, such as can occur during a natural disaster. Paper records can also be printed from most electronic PHRs. However, Fawdry et al. The most basic form of a PC-based PHR would be a health history created in a word-processing program.
The health history created in this way can be printed, copied, and shared with anyone with a compatible word processor. PHR software can provide more sophisticated features such as data encryptiondata importation, and data sharing with health care providers.
Some other methods of device solution may entail cards with embedded chips containing health information that may or may not be linked to a personal computer application or a web solution.
Web applications[ edit ] Web-based PHR solutions are essentially the same as electronic device PHR solutions, however, web-based solutions have the advantage of being easily integrated with other services.
For example, some solutions allow for import of medical data from external sources. Solutions including HealthVaultand PatientsLikeMe allow data to be shared with other applications or specific people.
Mobile solutions often integrate themselves with web solutions and use the web-based solution as the platform. A large number of companies have emerged to provide consumers the opportunity to develop online PHRs.
Some have been developed by non-profit organizations, while others have been developed by commercial ventures. These web-based applications allow users to directly enter their information such as diagnosis, medications, laboratory tests, immunizations and other data associated with their health.
They generate records that can be displayed for review or transmitted to authorized receivers. In fact, Googlebeing among the most innovative companies in the world, discontinued its PHR service called Google Health on January 12, The reason cited for shutting down Google Health was that the service did not translate from its limited usage into widespread usage in the daily health routines of millions of people.
The generally agreed upon definition of these terms relates mainly to the ownership of the data. Once data is in a PHR it usually owned and controlled by the patient. Most EHRs, however, are the property of the provider, although the content can be co-created by both the provider and patient.
A patient has a legal right in most states to request their healthcare data and under recent USA legislation those providers using a certified EHR will be required to provide an electronic copy as well. The patient portal is typically defined as a view into the electronic medical records. Access to that information is controlled entirely by the patient.
This project would enlist open source contributions and enhancements from developers, with particular emphasis on supporting patient expectations of privacy and responsible patient control of private health information PHI. While PHRs can help patients keep track of their personal health information, the value of PHRs to healthcare organizations is still unclear.
It found that most people did not keep record of minute details of their healthcare experiences and therefore made it difficult to get full value from web-based PHRs. The PHRs selected for evaluation offered limited functionality to the general public, with limitations in data entry, validation, and information display methods.
Network computer break-ins are becoming more common thus storing medical information online can cause fear of the exposure of health information to unauthorized individuals.
This includes fertility, surgical procedures, emotional and psychological disorders, and diseases, which many patients are reluctant to share even voluntarily. Accidental disclosure During multiple electronic transfers of data to various entities, medical personnel can make innocent mistakes to cause disclosure of data.
On the technological side, failures occur at numerous points:HEALTH ASSESSMENT AND PROMOTION 2 Abstract Maintaining a healthy weight is one of the most beneficial things that a person can do to promote. Personal Health Assessment and Health Promotion Plan Purpose: The purpose of this assignment is for each student to internalize the health promotion concepts in a way that is personally meaningful for his/her own health promotion.
Paper should not exceed 10 .
Health promotion supports personal and social development through providing information, education for health, and enhancing life skills. By so doing, it increases the options available to people to exercise more control over their own health and over their environments, and to make choices conducive to health.
There is a tendency among some public health officials, governments, and the medical industrial complex to reduce health promotion to just developing personal skill also known as health education and social marketing focused on changing behavioral risk factors.
A personal health record, or PHR, Promotion and usability. Additionally, how the PHR is promoted by healthcare organizations, how useful their features are, and how well the care provider uses it, particularly in the realm of patient communication, can influence adoption and usage rates.
Definitions of health promotion and disease prevention and activities included in these types of programs.