There were a variety of factors leading up to the Second World War, which can be divided into long-term and short-term causes. Soldiers in battle in World War II. The war was fought between the Axis Powers and their allies, who were led by GermanyItalyand Japan as well as the Allied Powers and their allies led by BritainFranceand Russia. Although it is often said that the war began when France and Britain declared war on Germany as a result of its invasion of Poland, the causes that led to the war are more intricate.
There were a variety of factors leading up to the Second World War, which can be divided into long-term and short-term causes. Soldiers in battle in World War II. The war was fought between the Axis Powers and their allies, who were led by GermanyItalyand Japan as well as the Allied Powers and their allies led by BritainFranceand Russia.
Although it is often said that the war began when France and Britain declared war on Germany as a result of its invasion of Poland, the causes that led to the war are more intricate.
There were a variety of factors leading up to the Second World War which can be divided into short-term causes and long-term causes. Long Term Causes Reparations on Germany from the Treaty of Versailles After the First World War ended inthere was a general sentiment that Germany should be held responsible for their involvement in World War 1 and that limitations should be imposed on them so that they cannot seek war again.
The treaty of Versailles called for Germany to give back the French territories that they had claimed during the Franco-Prussian War. Germany was also asked to pay an astronomically large sum of money. Some experts, including John Maynard Keynes warned that they thought the Treaty of Versailles to be too harsh.
They warned that such fees would cripple the economy of Germany as the country could not afford to pay for the World War I reparations, which they warned could in turn pose a problem for the rest of Europe.
It was an anger that was built upon frustration over losing the war, and anger over skyrocketing unemployment rates which were only about to get worse. During this time, Adolf Hitler saw an opportunity to entice the German people with his promises of easy solutions to the problems facing the Weimer Republic the name of Germany at the time.
During this time, the political climate was ripe for radical affiliations and parties. One such party that was active during this time was the Nazi Party.
Between the years of andHitler took control over the party. After a failed coup to take over the Weimer government, Hitler decided to instead reach the top through legitimate means and was ultimately successful.
When concessions were made, he accepted them and continued to make new demands. Hitler believed in a rightful expansion of the homeland of the Germanic people, and ruled Nazi Germany through a lens of anti-semitic hatred.
Hitler ignored the Treaty of Versailles and greatly expanded the number of German troops. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, of Britain, famously tried to avoid another world war with his policies of appeasement that involved negotiating with HItler over the right to land in Czechoslovakia.
However, all efforts of diffusion were futile.
It does not help that, at the time, Hitler was not the only Fascist leader in Europe. In Italy, Benito Mussolini had been dictator since the s. Mussolini had notably invented fascist politics. Though fascism differed from Nazism and was seen as less harsh, the two ideologies still had much in common as they were both heavily fueled by nationalism.
InMussolini showed his allegiance by signing a treaty with Hitler. Hitler and Mussolini in The Great Depression of the s From tothe world was experiencing a devastating economic downturn, known as the Great Depression.
Factors such as mass unemployment in Germany and poverty in Japan provoked considerable anger among the citizens, causing them to be swayed by dictatorial governments which made it acceptable to forcefully loot from other countries whenever they wanted.
Anger was used by governments as a tool to control the people, who could easily be swayed by promises of jobs and a better quality of life. Fearing international backlash, the Japanese government framed the Mukden Incident as a reason for their invasion. However, their real reason was the desire to capture Chinese territory, a project that had started in the late s in the First Sino-Japanese War.The main effect of the WWII was the Cold War, a period of about 50 years where the USA and USSR were making threats about nuclear war, as well as the destruction of most of Europe.
Another effect was the prevention of Germany to control a Navy. Mar 28, · World War II proved to be the most devastating international conflict in history, taking the lives of some 35 to 60 million people, including 6 million Jews who died at the hands of the Nazis.
Millions more were injured, and still . Oct 29, · Watch video · The devastation of the Great War (as World War I was known at the time) had greatly destabilized Europe, and in many respects World War II grew out of issues left unresolved by that earlier conflict.
Pinpointing the causes of a vast, global event like the Second World War is a challenging task for the historian. Events—especially enormous, multifaceted events—have multiple causes and multiple inputs.
Among the causes of World War II were Italian fascism in the s, Japanese militarism and invasion of China in the s, and especially the political takeover in of Germany by Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party and its aggressive foreign policy.
The immediate cause was Britain and France declaring war on Germany after it invaded . The causes of World War Two can be divided into long term causes and short term causes. There can be little doubt that one of the long term causes of the war was the anger felt in Weimar Germany that was caused by the Treaty of Versailles.