Refutation Definition of Refutation The literary term refutation refers to that part of an argument where a speaker or a writer encounters contradicting points of view. Alternatively, refutation can be described as the negation of an argument, opinion, testimony, doctrine, or theory, through contradicting evidence. It normally constitutes a part of an essay that disproves the opposing arguments.
Why would you include a counter-argument in your essay? Done well, it makes the argument stronger. It also shows that you are a reasonable person who has considered both sides of the debate.
Both of these make an essay more persuasive. Top How should a counter-argument be presented? A counter-argument should be expressed thoroughly, fairly and objectively. Do not just write a quick sentence and then immediately rebut it. Give reasons why someone might actually hold that view.
A few sentences or even a whole paragraph is not an unreasonable amount of space to give to the counter-argument.
Again, the point is to show your reader that you have considered all sides of the question, and to make it easier to answer the counter-argument.
Make sure you express the counter-argument fairly and objectively. Ask yourself if the person who actually holds this position would accept your way of stating it. Put yourself in their shoes and give them the benefit of the doubt.
Readers see through that sort of thing pretty quickly. One of the most common purposes of counter-argument is to address positions that many people hold but that you think are mistaken.
Therefore you want to be respectful and give them the benefit of the doubt even if you think their views are incorrect. Top How can a counter-argument be rebutted? One of the most effective ways to rebut a counter-argument is to show that it is based on faulty assumptions.
Either the facts are wrong, the analysis is incorrect, or the values it is based on are not acceptable. Examples of each are given below.
Furthermore, some counter-arguments are simply irrelevant, usually because they are actually responding to a different argument. And some counter-arguments actually make your argument stronger, once you analyze their logic. The examples below are ideas that you might use as a counter-argument to this claim, in a paper agreeing with Loewen.
Then you would rebut, or answer, the counter-argument as a way to strengthen your own position.Counterargument can appear anywhere in the essay, but it most commonly appears as part of your introduction—before you propose your thesis—where the existence of a different view is the motive for your essay, the reason it needs writing;.
Thank you for your question about the differences between a refutation and a counterargument. The short answer is that you need both of them in an argumentative essay and the counterargument comes before the vetconnexx.com other sources for your essays, visit the ENG research guide..
A counterargument is. Usually a . An important distinction to be appreciated is the difference between refutation and counter-argument.
In the case of counter-argument, the writer acknowledges that there is substance in the contradicting argument, yet he provides evidence for his alleged stance.
The second of the two argumentative essay examples, Organ Donors Should Be Financially Compensated is another example of a basic argumentative essay.
It contains the key components of an argumentative essay: an arguable topic, a focused argument, evidence to support claims, and a counterargument. Counterargument can appear anywhere in the essay, but it most commonly appears as part of your introduction—before you propose your thesis—where the existence of a different view is the motive for your essay, the reason it needs writing;.
Counterargument and Refutation In persuasive-argumentative writing, used to show your readers that you are knowledgeable about a full range of positions other than your own.
Persuasive-Argumentative Essays. Devote one portion of your essay to an anticipation of the opposing arguments.