The roles of the people played a big part in this advancement. Therefore, the roles in ancient Athens were very structured and rigid.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The Greeks were victorious in the Second Persian War because of a number of factors. These include the superior leadership from commanders such as Themistocles and Leonidas, the effective Greek strategy and the cooperation of all the Greek city states to unite against a common threat.
All these reasons played a crucial role in the Greek victory over the Persians in the Second Persian War. The leadership showed by men such as Themistocles and Leonidas had a significant impact in the victory for the Greeks. This natural genius was shown in the years preceding the Second Persian, after the defeat of the Persians at the Battle of Marathon in BC.
Themistocles realized the consistent threat of the Persians and that they would return a large and more formidable force. Therefore he proposed that the newly discovered silver at the Athenian silver mine at Laurium be spent on an elite new naval fleet rather than be distributed amongst the people.
The Athenian people were skeptical about a second Persian invasion, so Themistocles further proposed the idea that the fleet could be used against Aegina, who Athens had been in long-running war with them.
As a result Themistocles naval policy was easily carried. Herodotus states that one hundred triremes were constructed, ships that proved to be vital in naval battles such as Artemesium and Salamis in BC, where Salamis was a major turning point victory for the Greeks.
Themistocles wisdom was again shown by promoting a stable Greek strategy, one of luring the Persian in strategic chokepoint and bottleneck locations to congest their superior numbers and make them useless.
Again this strategy proved to be very effective it the battle of Thermopylae and Salamis in BC. Themistocles proposed an evacuation plan of Athens with the Themistocles Decree.
The Themistocles Decree demonstrates Themistocles intelligence and also the trust and loyalty the Athenian people had in him. Leonidas was another significant commander in the Second Persian Wars that help contribute to the Greek victory. This was because was Leonidas who made the decision to dismiss the bulk of the Greek force as he realizes the battle was lost.
Perhaps the most significant contribution made by Leonidas was the unfaltering example of courage, leadership and audacity in the face of certain death, an example that truly inspired the Greeks to fight on and honor the memory of Leonidas and the brave Spartans.
The symbolic impact that Leonidas had in the Second Persian War is another key contribution to the Greek victory. Both the contributions made by Themistocles and Leonidas are highlight in their leadership, courage and tactical brilliance. Their influences in various battles, in particular Leonidas at Thermopylae and Themistocles at Artemisium and Salamis, proved to be vital in the Greek victory.
This was used at Thermopylae and Salamis and proved to be quite effective. By fighting in closed spaces and at sea, the Greeks were also able to nullify the spear-head of the Persian attack, the cavalry.
This strategy had great success, especially at the naval battle of Salamis where the swift, agile Greek triremes, constructed from Themistocles naval policy, outmaneuvered the heavy slower Persian ships in the tight strait. This strategy suited the Greek naval power in the Aegean and helped win them the key battle of Salamis which was a decisive, turning point victory for the Greeks.
Therefore the Greek strategy proved to be very effective and contributed to the Greek victory.
The cooperation of the independent city states to unite against a common threat was another significant reason for the Greek victory. These independent Greek city states had fought for a considerable time such as Athens and Aegina, and Sparta and Argos; however they all put aside their differences and achieved unity for the first time at the congress at the Isthumus before the Second Persian War.
The Serpentine Column supports Herodotus claims of unity and served as a symbol of this unity with the names of 31 independent states inscribed on it. The column commemorates the Greeks who fought and died at Plataea and serves as a constant reminder of why the states are unified.
This unity helped the Greeks immensely in the time of war as they were working cooperatively for a common goal. The other Greeks were also able to attain help from the Spartans who were considered by Herodotus to be the best soldiers in all of Greece.
The impact the Spartans had on the ability and the morale of the other Greeks was immense and was particular displayed in the battles of Thermopylae, Salamis, Plataea and Mycale. The importance of the Spartans was shown by the Greeks when the Spartan king, Leonidas was chosen to lead the Army and Thermopylae and it was also a Spartan, Eurybiades who lead the navy at Artemisium.
This exceptional display of unity was a major contributing factor to the Greek victory. This range of factors all contributed to the Greek victory in the Persian wars. The superior Greek leadership under leaders such as Themistocles and Leonidas, the Greek strategy of bottle necking the Persians and the intelligence of the Greek force to fight in unison against a common threat proved to all be significant factors the war.
Both Herodotus and Aeschylus support these reasons and help explain why the Greeks achieved victory in the Second Persian War. More essays like this:The lord whose oracle is in Delphi neither speaks nor conceals but gives a sign.
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The battle was fought in the . Themistocles was a man like any other man in ancient Greece, power hungry, strong, and a lover of life. Themistocles was a powerful general and politician who fought in the battles of Marathon, Thermopylae, and Salamis.