The British Army, deployed to restore order in Belfast in It was a complex conflict with multiple armed and political actors. The Northern Ireland conflict had elements of insurgency, inter-communal violence and at times approached civil war Another angle of the conflict was sectarian or communal violence between the majority unionist or loyalist Protestant population and the minority Catholic or nationalist one. This was manifested in inter-communal rioting, house burning and expulsion of minorities from rival areas as well as lethal violence including shooting and bombing.
A summary of the Troubles in Northern Ireland A map of Northern Ireland, which sits on the north-east tip of the Irish landmass Northern Ireland is a place of natural beauty, mystery and Celtic charm.
In recent times, however, the history of Northern Ireland has been marred by political tension, sectarian feuding and paramilitary killing.
From the late s the world watched in despair as Northern Ireland unravelled into unrest and violence. This period is euphemistically known as the Troubles. Trouble had in fact been brewing in Northern Ireland for generations.
Created by the partition of Ireland inNorthern Ireland was a society plagued by tension and division. On one side of the divide stood Unionists: Caught in the middle, the British government was eager to achieve reconciliation and peace in Northern Ireland but was unsure how to achieve this.
For three decades these groups struggled for ascendancy as the Troubles in Northern Ireland raged.
Their actions produced the deaths of more than 3, people, many of them civilians and innocent children caught in the crossfire. The majority of Irish are Catholic, however English occupation and settlement in the 16th and 17th centuries left Ireland with a sizeable Protestant population.
Repressive and discriminatory Penal Laws kept Catholics out of education, prestigious professions and government. In the late s rising Irish nationalism called for greater autonomy for the Irish parliament. It also triggered uprisings like the Wolfe Tone rebellion, an unsuccessful attempt to drive the English from Ireland.
London responded by crushing these rebellions and passing the Act of Union, which formed the United Kingdom and placed Ireland under British control.
In the 19th century Irish Catholics fought to regain their rights, demanding emancipation and participation in their own government, a goal they achieved in Impoverished Irish Catholics suffered tremendously during the Great Famine of the s; around one million starved to death and an even greater number fled the country in search of a better life.
Other more moderate Irish political parties also embraced nationalism. By the s many Irish parliamentarians were lobbying for Home Rule, or Irish self government.
But Home Rule was bitterly opposed by Anglo-Irish Protestants, most of whom were clustered in the north-east in what they called Ulster. Home Rule, they argued, would place them under the heel of a Catholic parliament in Dublin and jeopardise their economic livelihood and political and religious freedom.
But the push for Home Rule continued, regardless of Unionist opposition. Two late 19th century attempts to legislate Home Rule were defeated in the British parliament.
A third Home Rule bill was introduced inthis time with the support of the government. It triggered a crisis in the north-east, where Unionists formed a paramilitary group the Ulster Volunteers and threatened to take up arms to resist Home Rule.
In early the Ulster Volunteers took delivery of a large cache of arms, purchased illegally from Germany.
The implementation of Home Rule, it seemed, would trigger a civil war in Ireland. But radical Republicans, impatient with the lack of political reform in Ireland, decided to act. In April they launched the famous Easter Rising, capturing the post office in Dublin and proclaiming an independent Irish republic.
British troops quickly crushed the uprising but it proved a turning point in Irish republicanism.Apr 10, · The following month, the people of Ireland and Northern Ireland overwhelmingly passed by referendum the Good Friday Agreement. Despite the passing of the Agreement and the IRA announcement of a ceasefire in , the political climate in Northern Ireland remains tense.
Ulster nationalism is a school of thought in Northern Ireland politics that seeks the independence of Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom without joining the Republic of Ireland, thereby becoming an independent sovereign state separate from both..
Independence has been supported by groups such as Ulster Third Way and some . Irish nationalism is a nationalistic ideology which asserts that the Irish people are a cohesive people.
It grew more potent during Ireland's time as a dominion of Britain, which ultimately lead to most of the island seceding from the United Kingdom in The conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century is known as the Troubles.
Over 3, people were killed and thousands more injured. Over the course of three decades, violence on the. The Northern Ireland conflict was a thirty year bout of political violence, low intensity armed conflict and political deadlock within the six north-eastern counties of Ireland that formed part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
A map of Northern Ireland, which sits on the north-east tip of the Irish landmass Northern Ireland is a place of natural beauty, mystery and Celtic charm. In recent times, however, the history of Northern Ireland has been marred by political tension, sectarian feuding and paramilitary killing.