Not to do so, Collins maintained, would trigger a rancorous public debate over the Guard's role and fuel allegations that the Army did not trust its own mobilization training system.
Not wanting the Soviets to grab too much territory, the US occupied the southern half of Korea, south of the 38th Parallel.
Much as it had in Germany just after World War Two, these two occupations set the status quo: North Korea, that area of the Korean peninsula north of the 38th parallel became Communist, while South Korea was the province of a nationalist, anti-communist government. While the Soviet Union never got directly involved in the fighting, it did supply North Korea with weapons and supplies.
The US, on the other hand, did commit its own troops as part of a UN international-peace keeping force. In reality, the UN force was in name only; the troops were made up of almost entirely American forces, with some American allies.
The Korean War was the first instance that it became clear that the UN could be used by the US as a foreign policy tool. It is somewhat surprising that only a few years after letting enormous China turn Communist without getting seriously involved, as well as watching Eastern Europe fall under the "iron curtain", the US would then become embroiled in an Asian land war over the fate of strategically insignificant Korea.
Bya loss to communism anywhere was thought of as a loss everywhere. The beginnings of the later Domino Theory were already present in an early form. The US got involved in Korea to save face and to appear strong against communism, not because Korea was vital to American interests.
Once again, this set a Cold War pattern for the US: One of the significant results of the Korean War was that it gave the US reason to increase its military expenditure four-fold. Under Truman, military expenditure increased rapidly, laying the foundations for the so-called military industrial complex that existed throughout the Cold War.
Perhaps on a more positive note, it was during the Korean War that black and white troops were first integrated in the US army, an important step on the road to civil rights. Finally, it was during the Korean War and partially because of it that the Democratic monopoly of the Presidency, going back to before World War II, finally ended with the election of Eisenhower.
Another result of the Korean War was the ascendance of the People's Republic of China onto the world stage. Fighting against the US, China received aid from the Soviets, helping them to become a major military power. The Chinese forces, however, fought the US to a standstill, as represented by the reinstitution of the 38th parallel as the dividing line between North and South; in fighting against the US in the first war the United States entered and did not win, China established itself as a power to be reckoned with, and a communist power at that.
The Korean War also proved the tenacity and skill of the Communist Asian militaries, something that would be reaffirmed by the Vietnam War in the s. In fact, remarkable similarities exist between the Korean War and the Vietnam War; from the US support of a dictatorial and corrupt anti-communist regime to its conception of communism as a monolithic entity, under which all communist nations were necessarily allies, rather than individuals to be dealt with separately.
However, though those parallels, Vietnam era policy-makers did not apply the lessons of the Korean War to the Vietnam War. Rather, they did not seem to recognize those lessons as lessons at all, and repeated in the Vietnam War many of their previous mistakes.Don't show me this again.
Welcome! This is one of over 2, courses on OCW. Find materials for this course in the pages linked along the left. MIT OpenCourseWare is a free & open publication of material from thousands of MIT courses, covering the entire MIT curriculum..
No enrollment or registration. The Korean War was a war fought in Korea between armies from North Korea and from South vetconnexx.com war began at AM on June 25, Fighting stopped July 27, More than two million Koreans died, most of them in the north.
Both sides blame each other for starting the war. The Korean War started on 25th June when over 90, North Korean soldiers launched an invasion of South Korea. It occurred during a time of debate over the future course of US foreign policy. Many in Washington advocated a massive re-armament .
The Korean War was a war of west versus the east different philosophy and consideration, but fought far from the major superpower mainland. A war considered as an embarrassment for the international community, many lives were harvested and it did started and ended with accomplishing nothing from the unifying.
The Korean War was both a civil and an international war. The two Korean states failed to resolve the issue. 38th parallel kept on bearing tensions ignited by both North and South Korea for many years which finally made North Korea to start war against South in which .
Korean War, conflict between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea) in which at least million persons lost their lives. The war reached international proportions in June when North Korea, supplied and advised by the Soviet Union, invaded the South.